Tips to crack CA exam in the first attempt


CA (Chartered Accountancy) is one of the most prestigious professions in India and the CA exams are considered to be one of the toughest exams to crack. For most of the commerce students CA is a dream job, so before preparing for the exam, rule out the age-old perception that CA exam is tough.

CA exam requires hard work, but more than that it requires smart strategic study plan.

The best way to prepare is to follow the study material and scan questions religiously.

Follow these simple thumb rules to crack CA Exam in the first attempt.

  1. Teachers are the guiding force but do not rely on your teacher completely.
  2. Focus on understanding the concept rather than just learning.
  3. Make your own concept notes and study plan.
  4. Design your study session such that you utilize your day properly.
  5. Work on your weaker subjects first and strategize on your study plan accordingly.
  6. Visit and find all the top books to prepare for the exam.
  7. Don’t make unrealistic targets and study at least 10 hours a day.
  8. Sleep properly (7 hours in the night and 1 hour after lunch.)
  9. Plan your studies in such a way that you complete your syllabus two months before  your exam.
  10. Keep the last two months for complete revision.

How to prepare for Practical Paper?

  1. Notes have thousands of questions, remove questions which are not as per the study material.
  2. While preparing for the practical questions, highlight all the important adjustments.
  3. Now when you revise, do not go through all the questions, just focus on the adjustments as most of the questions have a similar format.
  4. This will help you make your own notes for the practical paper as well.

When you prepare for your IPCC exam do not leave AS (Accounting Standards).

  1. AS compulsorily covers 25-30 mark questions in the Accounts and Audit paper.
  2. AS is easy to read and revise, so schedule it in your idle time.

Here is how you can prepare for IPCC Accounts paper

Say if you have 10 chapters in Accounts which consists of 30 questions each and you take 3 days to finish one chapter. You will get to revise your first chapter after 30 days. Instead, remove all the irrelevant questions except for conceptualized questions. Revise by auditing the question and tick mark the one which doesn’t need to be solved by writing. This will help you complete all the chapters in 10 days. You will get enough time to revise the Accounts paper in the next 20 days which you have saved. You can use this technique for all the papers and save a lot of time and gain confidence to crack CA exam in the first attempt.

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How technology plays an important role in education

ETEN IAS, ETEN CATechnology has become an indispensable part of our lives. We are now in what we call – a digital age and it has been transforming to simplify the way we do things. It affects how we connect with people, shop, and most importantly, it has impacted our education system.

We cannot deny the fact that it has revolutionized our education system by bridging the gap between teachers and students. Where technology has made it easier for teachers to impart knowledge, students find it easier to comprehend it.

Technology has provided access to new learning tools to the teachers, parents, and students. Let us see how technology has improved education over time:

  1. Teachers are collaborating across the world to refine their work which in turn enhances the practice of teaching.
  2. Technology is helping students develop research skills at an early age. With the immediate access to loads of information, learning is becoming better than before.
  3. Students and teachers have an access to plenty of resourceful information and variety of opinions on the same topic.

Now when educational institutes are embracing technology, we can see lots of improvement in the education system. For example:

    1. The Flipped Classroom:This technology allows students to watch lecture videos at home and discuss the topic in the classroom in front of the teacher. It has resulted in noticeable student performance. Students have the ease to learn at their own pace and save their class time for productive interactions.
    2. The effectiveness of technology to understand mathematics: Maths is one of the scariest subjects for many. Technology has proven to be a boon by helping students adapt math effectively. There are basically 3 technologies.
      1. Computer-managed learning where students access appropriate math material through a computer based program. Students can assess their own performance with the help of a growth chart.
      2. Comprehensive models like Cognitive Tutor where computer-aided instruction, as well as non-computer approach helps students to understand maths.
      3. Supplemental CAI technology helps students on an individual level by providing an assessment with the help of computer-assisted additional instructions.
  1. E-learning: E-learning is an instruction based technology, which uses both physical and educational theoretics. Here are some of the technological advantages.
    1. Consistency
    2. High learning retention
    3. Time and money saving
    4. Flexible
    5. Less amount of paper-work
    6. Tracking learner progress
  2. VSAT Technology: VSAT is a satellite-based technology. Institutes like ETEN has successfully used this technology to reach students across the nation to help them achieve their academic goals. VSAT has become a viable medium for millions of students who are looking for quality educators and education.

Advantages of VSAT technology

    1. Reliable uninterrupted connectivity.
    2. Access to highly experienced faculties.
    3. Access to past lectures.
    4. Live student teacher interaction.
    5. A dedicated network prevents the data from getting hacked.

It is evident that with so many educational technologies, students and teachers are getting thoughtfully integrated learning tools which are helping them improve their performance and learn/teach better. It is our teachers and institutes who have the responsibility to determine better ways to integrate technology to facilitate learning.

As the number of students who are getting benefited by technology is growing, the vital question is no longer if technology enhances learning, but how do we intend to improve our technology to enhance learning.

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How to prepare for IAS interview


After clearing the Civil Services (Mains) written exam, candidates are eligible for the Interview round. The interview for the final selection for the Civil Services (Mains) exams is conducted at the UPSC office in Delhi.

There are certain important documents that need to be submitted at the time of the IAS Interview. They are mentioned as follows: 1.) SC/ST Certificate Performa 2.) OBC Certificate Performa 3.) Undertaking 4.) Physically Handicapped Certificate Performa 5.) Performa of Hailing from Certificate Questionnaire 6.) Attestation Form 8.) TA Form

The personality test or the interview in civil services examination is the final stage of the entire process. This test carries 300 marks out of the total 2300 marks score of the Civil Services Examination, on the basis of which the final selection list is prepared.

The Interview is aimed at assessing the candidate’s personality, whether he is suitable to be a competent administrator or not. Candidates are judged on their confidence, overall personality, awareness of the world, reasoning ability, depth of interest, mental responsiveness etc

It has great scoring potential in terms of the overall score and therefore candidates cannot afford to mishandle or misunderstand the relevance of the interview. If a candidate’s score in the written examination is near the cut-off, then by scoring very high in the interview round, they can be in the final selection list.

Therefore preparation for the Interview requires careful and proper planning.

Tips for Preparing for IAS Interview

The best possible way to prepare for the interview is along with the written test. By starting early, you would have a lot of time on to work on the skills required to perform well in the interview round. You should develop the habit of debating and discussing issues with friends or parents. Spend time on understanding the issues behind current events.

  • You should do a revision of the mains written paper before appearing for the interview. Questions are often asked based on what you wrote in your mains written paper.
  • Normally, candidates tend to neglect their additional subjects that they have chosen for the civil service exams and, very often, on being asked questions on these subjects, candidates are not prepared. Therefore, you should take your additional subjects seriously and prepare well for them.
  • The questions posed by the interview panel before candidates are well framed and therefore respected responses by the candidates should be made in kind keeping all possible views in mind.
  • Remember, if during the interview, you are not aware of something, you should just admit it with politeness. The key point here is to be honest.
  • Avoid making any sweeping statement. Formulate your response in a very logical and rational manner supported by data, keeping it impartial and fair.
  • Do your homework!  You should be aware of the current affairs and latest developments around the world . You should also have in-Depth knowledge about the State, City and District you come from.
  • Do not betray any emotion. If you are feeling frustrated, angry or sad because of the body language of the interview panel or because of something they said, then don’t give in yet. Keep trying to give your best shot.

The most important aspect of the interview is that it is not a typical question-answer session. The entire objective of the interview is to assess different aspects of a candidate’s personality. So be confident in expressing your views and most of all, Be yourself.

Do you have any tips for IAS interview preparation? We’d love to hear them in the comments!

Tips to crack AMA Paper

Closeup of a businesswoman doing finances
All the best for the students appearing for CA Final exams.
Following are some important points that are extremely helpful while giving your AMA paper tomorrow.  Please follow them to secure high marks in costing.
  •  While attempting a question on cost management, it is the most essential to read the requirement of the question carefully.
  •  After reading the requirement of the question, concentrate whether the requirement is related to decision-making or to profit and loss statement.
  •  If the requirement is related to decision-making we will have to follow Relevant cost concept. Decision-making will always show effect on profit ascertained by working out relevant gain and relevant cost.
  •  If the requirement is related to profit and loss statement, we will have to follow total cost concept. Profit and loss statement will always show the profit or loss which is ascertained by working total revenue and total cost.
  •  In some questions, some times requirement are given by number a, b, c, & so on. Then in such requirements we should always presume that each & every requirement are independent unless & until information are interlinked with each other. Solve these requirements independently with information given in question.
  •  In some questions, it may happen that all the information given in the question are not required to be used at the same time. Some information may be useful in requirement number (b) or (c) or so on. The thought on this information shall be given only when we are going to attempt that requirement.
  •  Sometimes many information are given in the question, but these information are not required to be used in the light of requirement of the question. We should identify these information as irrelevant/useless/ baseless and keep ourselves away from them.
  •  We always have to follow the instruction of management blindly even if sometimes the instruction is contrary to our conceptual understanding. Under no circumstances we have any right to disregard the management instruction.
  •  It should always he kept in mind that each and every information is to be read carefully. Casual approach or idea approach plain reading is very dangerous in most of the cases.

    By, ETEN CA faculty – CA Sanjay Aggarwal

Advantages of starting early for IIT JEE preparation

Advantages of starting early for IIT JEE preparationMost of the students choose their career path soon after they qualify 10th or 12th class. But there are students who have foresight into the career they want to pursue right from class 9th or even earlier. A successful career is a mark of  careful planning. Every aspiring engineer dreams of getting into an IIT institute and prioritize his/her preparation accordingly.

Is it really important to start preparing for IIT early?

If it’s an engineering degree, the IIT institutes are the first choice for every student who is looking for a secure and high paying white collar job. According to a documentary, less than 2 percent aspirants on an average cracks IIT, while 10 percent gets into Harvard. That makes the IIT JEE one of the toughest tests in the world.

So if you want to crack IIT JEE exam, plan your career ahead. Here are certain reasons to why you should start your preparation right from class 9th or 10th.

Both these classes expose you to the basics of all the calculative skills like Algebra, Trigonometry, Distance, Height etc. thereby playing an important role in building your concepts and problem solving skills. Most of the topics are quite similar to the JEE curriculum. This will not only strengthen your basics but also help you crack IIT JEE.

Advantages of preparing early

  1. Students who start studying for JEE early have an extra advantage over their peers in the class.
  2. Students get ample time to revise and practice, so by the time they reach the 12th standard, they are thorough with the concepts.
  3. Regular practice and revision complements early preparation and shoots up the confidence level.
  4. Looking at the vast syllabus, students who start their preparation right from the class 9th gets 4 years preparation time as compared to students who start in class 11th.
  5. Students who start early have ample time to develop a habit of understanding derivation and formulae by solving the problem rather than memorizing it.
  6. Students who start early can devote an equal amount of time to all the topics.

The experts at one of the top coaching institutes, Pearson Learning Center have designed an exclusive program for IIT-JEE examination called Pearson Young Achievers Program which helps the students to understand the concept, examination pattern and prepare students for not only IIT-JEE but other courses as well.

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Tips To Write An Essay In IAS Mains

ETEN IASCivil Services Exam (CSE), one of the most prestigious and arduous exams in Asia, conducted by Union Public Service Commission of India is divided into 3 phases: Preliminary Exam, Main Exam and Personality Test/Interview. Candidates are eliminated at each stage based on their respective scores.

The Preliminary Exam consists of 2 Objective Papers. Out of the candidates who qualify in this exam, only selected candidates (based on the score) are eligible for the Main Exam which is conducted in order to evaluate the intellectual attributes and the range of understanding of the candidates. It consists of 9 papers out of which the essay paper is an important part.

The essay paper has 2 sections with 4 topics each. The candidates have to select a topic from each section and write 1000­-2000 words on it in 3 hours. The total marks for the 2 essays are 250 (125 marks for each section).

The significance of the marks obtained in the essay section on the final score cannot be over emphasised. Writing a good, well­ crafted essay can fetch a very high score in this section. Here’s how you can write a perfect essay!

  1. Keep it simple and to the point.

Unlike a literary essay which tends to be descriptive and narrative, these essays require reasoning and logic with the help of relevant examples and facts. An essay should be written keeping in mind the fact that anyone who is not an expert on that particular subject can understand your stream of thoughts.

  1. Choose the right topic

The essay topics can be from current affairs, social issues, politics, philosophy, science and technology etc. Choose the topic you are most familiar with and before you start writing the essay, jot down all the pertinent points relevant to essay separately. This way you can recall these points at will and optimise your work­flow and manage your time.

  1. A good introduction goes a long way

It is extremely vital that you frame your introduction in order to hook the reader. It needs to arouse curiosity in the reader’s mind leading him to read the rest of the essay with the same attentiveness. The beginning of the essay should be crafted meticulously if you want to attain good marks in this section. So, take your time to brainstorm and frame your initial words. The remainder of the essay must be developed in way that it supports and explains the main ideas stated in introduction.

  1. Stick with a structure

One of the most important things candidates need to keep in mind while writing an essay is to maintain coherence and continuity with whatever they are writing. Because of lack of time, candidates very often end up writing anything that comes to their mind. This further confuses the reader and makes the essay less interesting. You need to maintain continuity between various parts of the essay. One good way to achieve this is to decide on a single theme and reinforce it throughout the essay starting from introduction. You should not deviate from the topic. Focussing on a central theme helps the candidate in doing just that. Supplement your ideas with facts and figures to support your main hypothesis.

  1. Make the conclusion memorable

While concluding your essay, try to provide a summary and an assessment which is in sync with the essence of the essay body. This will further show your grasp of the topic at hand. Refrain from expressing your personal views on the topic as they may differ from those of the examiner’s and thus, may lead to you getting a low score in this section.

Do you have any tips for essay preparation? We’d love to hear them in the comments!

Pursuing Corporate Law As A Profession

The profession of law has evolved with time and there are various career choices within it. The business sector has unpredictably grown in the last year and there is a huge demand for corporate lawyers in the industry.

ETENA corporate lawyer is responsible for handling business operations of the company by keeping them aware of the legal limits. They help brands and corporates abide by the rules and regulations set by the law of the country to protect them from any legal issues in the future.

A corporate lawyer can be hired by a single organisation or by multiple organisations as well. The high salaries in this demanding occupation draw many youngsters towards it.

Who Should Go For It?

If problem-solving, decision making and extensive thinking excite you, then corporate law might turn out to be the right career choice for you.

Being a corporate lawyer comes with the duties of handling complex business agreements, preparing business dealing formats. To fulfill all these responsibilities, the aspirant should be a keen observer and learner.

To become a corporate lawyer one has to deeply study business related laws such as Tax Law, Security Laws, Intellectual Property Rights, Contract Laws, Bankruptcy, Accounting and much more in order to give suitable advice to the clients. So, if these subjects and topics are something that fascinates you then this profession is certainly meant for you.

How To Pursue It?

After completing 12th standard with at least 50% marks in any stream, students will have to sit for the Common Law Admission Test also known as CLAT. This test is conducted for admissions in the top Law colleges and universities run by the government of India. After the candidate clears the test, he or she can choose “Corporate Law” as a specialisation in their degree.

Clearing the CLAT is quite difficult, the competition is constantly rising with no hopes of decline as thousands of students take the test every year. If you’re confused about where to begin with the preparation for the entrance test and how to move forward with it then, you can take the help of  ETEN CLAT.

ETEN CLAT is a pioneering initiative aimed to help CLAT aspirants get advanced, scientific, and personalized coaching from acclaimed faculties, at their home town and at a lower cost compared to what they would have incurred if they took in-person classes from the same faculty. Signing up for this program will help you achieve your goals of becoming a lawyer.

To learn about ETEN CLAT, visit our website:


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How to prepare for CA CPT after 12th class

prepare for CA CPT after 12th class

It is believed that pursuing CA is only for commerce students. Think again!

CA is a practical course and students from the field of science and arts have equal success ratio. The catch is, science and arts stream students will have to work a little extra to understand the basics first and then further hard work, perseverance can lead to a successful CA career.

First-Mover Advantage

Chartered Accountancy is an admirable stream for most of the students to opt for, but in today’s competitive market it is advisable to plan early, right after class 10th or 12th. Students have the option to prepare for the entry level test when they are pursuing 12th. This is the time when students should master their basic concepts. There are some new CA schemes to encourage early aspirants for accounting education .

Fresh CAs required every year

With the growth of Indian economy, demand for Chartered Accountants is also increasing every year between 7,500 to 10,000 fresh CAs. The huge demand for CAs is due to the fact that the training itself is one of the most rigorous programs, making every CA practically market ready.

Introduction to CPT(Common Proficiency Test)

Institute of Chartered Accountants of India conducts the CA course, and has revamped the process of becoming a CA in 2006 and launched CPT as the entry level test. CPT includes 4 subjective tests namely Accounting, Mercantile Laws, Economics and Quantitative Aptitude.

How to prepare for CPT

  • The first step to start your preparation is to understand and learn the concepts thoroughly.
  • Create a proper timetable and stick to the schedule.
  • Alternate between 2 subjects every day.
  • Keep your study material handy. ETEN CA provides an access to the best training and teaching practices material.
  • 11th and 12th class textbooks are the best references to prepare for Accounts.
  • Maximize the chance to score in Accounts by reading the theory first and then attempt all the questions at the end of the chapter.
  • Stick to the CPT syllabus for Maths and don’t study the entire school textbook.
  • Make sure you are thorough with all the laws under the Mercantile Laws syllabus.
  • Distribute different Mercantile laws in pointwise fashion for future references.
  • Prepare for subjective type questions along with the multiple choice question to keep a good writing speed into practice.
  • Keep a track of your weak areas and practice previous years question papers.
  • ETEN CA provides study groups to help students discuss queries and improve their understanding of the subject.

Do not ignore negative marking and attempt only those questions which you are sure about. So if you are aspiring to be a CA, start studying now.

Have questions about CA or ETEN CA? Let us know in the comments below.

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Pursuing Criminal Law As A Career

Pursuing Criminal Law As A Career

Criminal Law as a profession is gaining popularity amongst the younger generation with each passing day, all thanks to the cinema that has extensively featured it. It is one of the most challenging and rewarding career choices as one has to constantly keep learning and upgrading themselves. The study of criminal law revolves around aspects of crime, punishment and public safety. However, there’s not only one career option that you’ll end up with after completing your studies, you can either opt for a Law Enforcement profession or a Legal one. With more than three crore cases pending, there is significant need of committed lawyers and solicitors in our country.

Who Should Go For It?

Every lawyer or solicitor must be extremely dedicated, willing to take challenges and have loads of persistence because meeting a variety of people with different mindsets is an integral part of their professional life. Also, they should have or strive to have excellent communication skills, both written and verbal.

Lawyers observe things around them very critically and then plan their moves accordingly. So, if you’re a keen observer then this might be just the right profession for you.

You’re bound to face difficult situations and challenges so one should certainly have an open mind and positive attitude before going for Criminal Law as a career choice.

How To Pursue Criminal Law?

CLAT also known as the Common Law Admission Test is the pathway that will lead you to one of the 14 premier Law universities in the country. It tests the ability and aptitude of a student to become a lawyer. Just like other entrance tests, CLAT also has a pattern based on Multiple Choice Questions. It tests the students on five main subjects- English, General Knowledge, Logical Reasoning, Mathematics and Legal Reasoning. All of them are quite general and do not require the students to have a superlative legal knowledge to excel in it.

The number of CLAT candidates increases every year, which makes it more difficult for interested students to clear the test with just self-study. We highly recommend taking professional help for the preparation of CLAT as it gives you ample of time and well-planned structure to move forward with your dreams of getting accepted at a reputed Law university.

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Based on the result of Civil Service (Main) Examination, 2015 held on 18th Dec 2015, UPSC has announced the Roll Numbers of the aforementioned candidates who are qualified to take up the Personality Test for the selection of IAS, IPS, IFS, and other Central Services.

Did you know as per the latest announcement by UPSC website, close to 9.5 Lacs candidates applied in Civil Services (CS) 2015 out of which 4.6 Lacs appeared in CS Prelims’15 further 15,008 candidates qualified CS Prelims and now 2797 candidates qualified CS Main’15 examination for the final Personality test round for 1129 vacancies. This means 40% main qualified candidates will be the final rank holders.

As a qualifying candidate, the following are important notifications to be mindful of:

  • Union Public Service Commission announced that the Personality Test will be held on 8th March 2016 in the Office of the Union Public Service Commission, New Delhi-110069.
  • The Personality Test program details will be made handy on the Commission’s website. Candidates will be notified with an e-Summon on the commission’s website.
  • All the qualified candidates should have e-Summon letter 5 days prior to the Personality Test/ Interview.
  • Candidates who are unable to download the e-Summon letter can contact the Office of the Commission either on Phone Nos. 011-23385271, 011-23381125, 011-23098543 or Fax No. 011-23387310, 011-23384472.
  • At the time of the Personality Test candidates should be ready with their certificates pertaining to Age, Community, Physical Handicap, Educational Qualifications, and other documents such as Attestation Form and TA Form etc. Candidates can download SC/ST/OBC/ PH Certificates format, Attestation Form and TA Form, etc. from the commission’s website.
  • Candidates are recommended to inform address change if any on an immediate basis. Under the UPSC regulations, candidates are advised to stick to given schedule.
  • After the Personality Test is over candidates who doesn’t qualify can check their marksheet on the commission’s website within 15 days of publication of the final result and it will remain on the website for the next 60 days.

For tips on preparation for the final round in making your dreams a reality, be sure to our read our blog: How To Prepare For The Final Interview.